Muhammad Ali Jinnah | Education, Politics and Legacy

Muhammad Ali Jinnah (born December 25, 1876 – September 11, 1948) was a prominent political leader and the driving force behind the creation of Pakistan. Here's some information about his background, education, politics, and role in the creation of Pakistan:

Birth and Family: Muhammad Ali Jinnah was born in Karachi, which was then part of British India and is now in Pakistan. He was born into a Gujarati Muslim family of moderate financial means. His father, Jinnahbhai Poonja, was a merchant, and his mother, Mithibai Jinnah, was a homemaker. Jinnah came from a family of moderate religious and cultural values.

Education: Jinnah received his early education in Karachi and Bombay (now Mumbai). He later traveled to England to study law at the University of London, where he joined Lincoln's Inn. He completed his studies and was called to the bar in 1896, becoming a barrister.

Political Career: Jinnah began his political career as a member of the Indian National Congress, which was advocating for greater representation and rights for Indians within the British colonial system. However, over time, he grew disillusioned with the Congress' approach and its lack of focus on Muslim interests.

Jinnah eventually emerged as a prominent leader of the All-India Muslim League, a political party that aimed to protect and promote the interests of Muslims in India. He became a vocal advocate for the rights of Muslims and played a crucial role in negotiating with the British colonial authorities and other political leaders.

Partition and Creation of Pakistan: Jinnah's most significant contribution was his leadership in the demand for a separate homeland for Muslims in India, which eventually led to the creation of Pakistan. He argued that Muslims and Hindus were distinct nations with different cultural, religious, and social values, and he believed that a separate country was necessary to protect the rights and interests of Muslims.

As negotiations between different parties and the British government continued, the idea of partition gained traction. In 1947, India gained independence from British rule, and the subcontinent was divided into two independent nations: India and Pakistan. Jinnah became the leader of the newly established Pakistan and served as its Governor-General until his death in 1948.

Legacy: Muhammad Ali Jinnah is widely regarded as the "Quaid-e-Azam" (Great Leader) in Pakistan and is considered one of the founding fathers of the nation. His vision and leadership were instrumental in the creation of Pakistan as a separate nation for Muslims. However, his legacy is also a subject of debate and interpretation, as different perspectives exist regarding his political strategies, his views on secularism, and the long-term consequences of partition.

Jinnah passed away on September 11, 1948, shortly after Pakistan's creation. He left behind a complex legacy, with his ideals of religious freedom, minority rights, and democratic governance continuing to shape discussions about Pakistan's identity and future.

Mizar-e-Quaid Karachi

The tomb of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan, is located in Karachi, Pakistan. The tomb is known as Mazar-e-Quaid (Mausoleum of the Great Leader) and is a prominent and significant national monument in Pakistan. It serves as the final resting place of Jinnah, who played a crucial role in the creation of the country.

Mazar-e-Quaid is a grand architectural structure made of white marble and was designed by architect Yahya Merchant. The tomb complex includes a large central dome surrounded by four smaller domes, which represent the four provinces of Pakistan. The tomb itself is situated on a high platform and is a place of reverence and remembrance for Pakistanis.

The tomb complex also houses a museum dedicated to the life and achievements of Muhammad Ali Jinnah. It contains various artifacts, photographs, and documents related to Jinnah's political career and his role in the creation of Pakistan.

Mazar-e-Quaid is not only a site of historical and cultural significance but also a symbol of the ideals and principles upon which Pakistan was founded. It attracts visitors, both domestic and international, who come to pay their respects and learn about the life and legacy of Muhammad Ali Jinnah.


Antibes (Côte D'Azur) Guide

Antibes Travel Guide - Places to Explore in Antibes (Cote d'Azur) in South of France by Travelling Hopper
Antibes Travel Guide — Places to Explore in Antibes (Cote d’Azur) in South of France 

Antibes is a breathtaking coastal city located on the
Coté d'Azur and stuck in between the cities of Cannes and Nice. It is home to a number of notable tourist attractions, which range from scenic beaches and historic monuments to exquisite hotels and resorts.

"Antibes is a coastal city in the Alpes-Maritimes department in the southeastern France, on the Côte d'Azur between Cannes and Nice"

Here is a list of locations that make Antibes an ideal tourist destination:

Musée Picasso Antibes

Located, in the scenic resort town of Antibes, Musee Picasso is the very first museum in the world dedicated to the great artist Picasso.

Musée Picasso Antibes is Located, in the scenic resort town of Antibes, Musee Picasso is the very first museum in the world dedicated to the great artist Picasso.

"The first museum in the world, dedicated to the artist. Picasso himself donated works to the museum, 23 paintings and 44 drawings"

It was built in the late fourteenth century and was even home to Picasso himself in the late 1940s’. Visitors can take a tour of the museum and take in all 245 works of Picasso which are housed within it.

Cap d'Antibes
This beautiful, four-mile-long peninsula is also located in Antibes. It has over the years been a hotspot for some of the world’s elite, particularly from Hollywood.
Cap d'Antibes

"Cap dèAntibes located between Nice and Cannes. It is a Penisula of Antibes ( Alpes Martimes department) in Côte d'Azur region, south of France"

Tourists can pay a visit to the prestigious Hotel Eden Roc, which houses prominent movie stars during the annual Cannes Film Festival.

Le Fort Carre
Located on the outskirts of Antibes is the remarkable Fort Carre.
Le Fort Carre

"Listed as Historical Momnement 1938, start shaped, designed by Henri de Mandon, and a classic piece of militery artictecture. Fort Carre offers 360 panaromic view of Mediterran Sea and City of Antibes"

Built-in 1553, it was redeveloped in 1565 by King Henry III, giving it the iconic star shape it has to this day. Tourists can take in a tour of the fort or visit the park which surrounds it, where hiking and picnics can be done.

Le Nomade Antibes
Sitting on the coast of Antibes is the majestic metallic sculpture known as ‘Le Nomade’.

"A master piece of French Riviera, created by renowned sculptor Jaume Plensa (Born in Barcelona in 1955) and is in the shape of a man looking directly at the sea"

It was created by renowned sculptor Jaume Plensa and is in the shape of a man looking directly at the sea. It is open all year round to visitors who wish to gaze upon such a colossal work of art.

Marche Provencal
One of the best markets in the region, Marche Provencal offers visitors the finest goods at the most reasonable prices.

"Marche Provencal is covered market on place of Cours Massena and few meters from Picasso Musem. This market offers quality products at the most reasonable prices by local producers"

From fresh fruits straight from the orchard to the finest cheeses and meats. Make enough purchases and you’d have enough to set up a nice picnic.

Navel And Napoleonic Musuem
This remarkable edifice that pays homage to one of France’s most iconic leaders is located at the tip of the Cap d’Antibes.

"Navel and Napoleonic musem is situated at the tip of Cap d'Antibe. Visitors can enjoy a tour of this historical backround musem and things were used by Napoleon"

It was once a fortress occupied by Napoleon in 1794. Visitors can take a tour of the museum which has well-preserved items and artefacts from that era or visit the surrounding 10 acres park.

La Garoupe Lighthouse

The La Garoupe Lighthouse, which is located on the Antibes Peninsula, is one of the tallest lighthouses in the world (about 100 metres high).

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"Listed in Monument Historique and know one of the most powerful and brightest lighting systems with a heigh of 100 metres"

It also boasts one of the most powerful and brightest lighting systems. Visitors can take a tour to the very top of it and experience the beautiful view of the sea.

Plage Mala ( Eden Plage Mala)
This is a beautiful and scenic private beach that is ideal for family vacations or romantic getaways.

"It consists of two restaurants and a safe swimming zone which is demarcated from the actual sea"


It consists of two restaurants and a safe swimming zone which is demarcated from the actual sea. Visitors can relax at one of the two restaurants or go swimming or jet-skiing.

Plage du Pontiel
Another beautiful beach located in Antibes, Plage du Ponteil is calm and has a magnificent view.

"An easy beach to access, clean water and entirely free for the public, plage du pontiel is one of the most beautiful, clean and safe beaches for families and kids"


Its waters are shallow for several kilometres, making it quite a safe area for young kids. The beach is free to visitors all year round and various activities such as surfing, wind-sailing and jet-skiing are among some of the fun stuff to do there.

The Villa Eilenroc

This majestic villa, built in 1860 to serve as quarters for the then Governor of the West-Indies, Hugh-Hope Loudon, has been kept in proper shape ever since and is now one of the major tourist attractions in Antibes.

"Villa Eilenroc, situated on the tip of Cap d'Antibes, It has over the years housed various diplomats. Visitors can take a tour of the villa and also hike around the 11-hectare garden which surrounds it"

Musee Peynet Antibes
This amazing museum is also located in Antibes and is dedicated to the works of the great French cartoonist, Raymond Penet.

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"Dedicated to the works of the great French cartoonist, Raymond Penet (November 16, 1908 – January 14, 1999), he was born in Paris and died in Alpes-Maritimes"

Visitors can have a tour of the museum and take in some of his greatest works which range from etchings and lithographies to dolls and cartoons.

Parc Phoenix
This park is a welcoming tourist attraction that features an array of wildlife and plants life from exotic birds like ducks and swans to reptiles such as crocodiles and iguanas.

"Parc Phoenix is a 17 acre botanical garden and home to 2,500 plant species and one of the largest greenhouses in Europe which is divided into seven zones"

Musee d' Archeologie Antibes
This museum houses what remains of the ancient Greek city of Antipolis, which is now what we call Antibes.

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" Inagurated in 1963, listed on the monument historique from 1930, includes the stone of terpon(Pebble of Antibes dated in 450-425BC)"

Visitors can gaze upon the various artefacts and excavations from an era that dates back more than 1000 years.

Ile Saint Marguerite
This beautiful beach/cove is an exciting tourist destination. Covered by a pine and eucalyptus forest and edged with beautiful coves, the island is a beautiful work of nature.

World's most beautiful travel destinations guides by Travelling Hopper

" Firstly this island was inhabited during the Romans times. The ismand is 3 kilometer in legnth and 900 meters across, best known for its fortress prison ( The Fort Royal)  

The surrounding waters are crystal clear and when tourists aren’t enjoying the beach,  they can also make a trip to an old fort that used to be a notorious prison and hospital in the past. 

Annual Jazz A Juan Festival
This is an annual Jazz festival held in Juan-les-Pins. It has been held for several years and is one of the biggest worldwide music festivals held each year.

World's most beautiful travel destinations guides by Travelling Hopper

" First stared on 7th July 1960 by Jacques Souplet. The annual Jazz festival held in Juan-les-Pins from 9 to 20th July"

Asides from the festivities (which includes a street Jazz parade and the actual concert), tourists can also pay a visit to Boulevard Edouard Baudoin, which contains over 50 ceramic hand-painted tiles from Jazz legends including Ray Charles, Pink Floyd and Stevie Wonder.


Paris Travel Guide ( Part 2)

Explore World's most beautiful travel destinations

Avenue des Champs Elysees

Champs Elysees Avenue, the world's most famous and beautiful avenue, is situated in the 8th arrondissement of Paris. It is 70 meters wide and is 1.9 Kilometer long. The Champs Elysees Avenue is mostly known for its luxury shops, restaurants, and coffee bars but also famous for The Bastille Day Parade on the 14th of July which is known as Fête Nationale Française.

According to Greek Methodology, Champs Elysees means Elysian Fields or the Fields of Heaven — The resting place of Greek gods and dead heroes!

❝ In 1640 this place was prepared to plan a line of trees, later which became an avenue. The term “Champs Elysees” derives from the Greek mythological story of the Elysian Fields ) the paradise of dead heroes❞

The Champs Elysees Avenue was extended in 1724 and the second time in 1994 both side streets walking paths were developed for tourists to enjoy the beauty of the avenue, shopping, and other activities. Champs Elysees Avenue receives nearly 300000 people each day, therefore there are more new developments are in process to meet future’s need.

Arc de Triomphe

Arc de Triomphe is one of the national monuments with a strong history. It is also one of the most famous visiting moments in Paris, situated in the world's most visited and beautiful — Avenue Champs Elysee. In 1806 Napoleon 1 ordered to build this beautiful Arc de Triomphe monument, in honour and victories, achieved by the French Army. According to 2018 statistics, Arc de Triomphe was the most visited national monument with 7.2 million visitors.

Arc de Triomphe is an iconic monument in the middle of Paris and gives a 360-degree panoramic view of the city. Its height is 162 ft, width is 150 ft and 72 ft deep.


❝ Arc de Triomphe Monument honours those French heroes who died for France during the French Revolutionary and the Napoleonic wars❞

Charles de Gaulle — Étoile

Place Charles de Gaulle is also known as Place de l’Étoile which is the meeting point of 12 large avenues including Champs Elysees avenue at one single point.

This place was renamed in 1970, after the death of French president Charles de Gaulle but before it was known as Place de E’Etoile or in English known as Square of Stars but nowadays RER-A station is named as Charles de Gaulle-Etoile. Place Charles de Gaulle and Arc de Triomphe is connected with the 8th, 16th and 17th arrondissements of Paris.

Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle was a French army officer and statesman who led the French Resistance against Nazi Germany in World War II and chaired the Provisional Government of the French Republic from 1944 to 1946 in order to reestablish democracy in France.


❝ La Place de l’Étoile is also a famous novel written by French writer — Jean Patrick Modiano, have received a Nobel prize in 2014 in literature ❞


Arcades des Champs Elysees

Les Arcades des Champs Elysees or Arcades du Lido is a magnificent shopping gallery located at the world's most beautiful avenue. It was inaugurated in 1926, in the following trend of building beautiful fashion galleries and passages. In 1928 this place was serving as a salon and swimming pool but later in 1946, it became a place to serve food and coffee.

Arcades du Lido opened on June 20, 1946. Le Lido was preceded by an artificial beach in a townhouse basement in the 1920s, running as a nightclub/casino in the late night hours.

❝ Basically, this was Leonard Rosenthal’s idea to develop a passage couvert, who was a diamond merchant, property developer and a French businessman❞

Galerie des Champs-Elysees

The most elegant shopping gallery of Paris, Galerie des Champs-Elysees is located in the most prestigious location, 82–88 Avenue des Champs Elysees in the 8th arrondissement of Paris. It hosts numerous luxury boutiques, well-known clothing brands and restaurants i.e H&M, Promod, Etam, L’Occitane, Paul, Minelli and Mcdonald’s.

Galerie des Champs-Elysees was built in 1926 by architects Charles Lefèbvre, Marcel Julien and Louis Duhayon. The main entrance of gallery is Avenue des Champs Elysees and end at Rue de Ponthieu.

❝ Galerie des Champs-Elysées is known as a beautiful shopping paradise with all the major brands' presence i.e Fnac, Virgin, Dior, Channel, Gucci at the most beautiful avenue of the world ❞



Paris Travel Guide

Paris Travel Guide by Travelling Hopper - Explore World's most beautiful travel destinations
Paris City View - Traveling Hopper 


Paris capital of France, with a proud historical background; was founded in the 3rd century BC on an island in the centre of River SeineHistorically, Paris was capital city of a Celtic tribe known as“Parisii”. Today Paris is most visiting capital of world with over 30 million visitors

Paris is also known as “The City of Lights” because of its advancement in culture and the main center of education overall in Europe.

Paris is also known as “City of Love” due to its native French language and beauty of the city which includes Champs Elysees and Eiffel Tower, Parisian Gardens, and It’s Chic streets.

Paris is also known as the Fashion Capital of the World due to it’s trending fashion styles, iconic luxury brands i.e Louis Vuitton, Chanel, Dior.

Paris Demographics

The official statistics of 2020, Paris is the most populous city in France, with a population of 2,148,271 which is living in an area of 105 square kilometres. Paris is the centre of the region named “Île-de-France” with a population of 12,213,364, considered as 18% of the population of France.


According to The Economist Intelligence Unit Survey, Paris was the second most expensive city in the world, after Singapore, Zurich, Hong Kong, Oslo, and Geneva

The Paris subway is named as Paris Metro, serving 5.23 million people on a daily basis and known as the second busiest metro system after Moscow in Russia.

Paris Tourism

Tourism in Paris is a major income source for France and it’s growing every year as compared to the previous year i.e in 2018 there were 89.4 million tourists visited Paris to explore the city’s beauty, historical buildings, art museums, Parisian gardens, gorgeous streets and shopping in Paris.

“In spite of Yellow Vests Movement (Mouvement des gilets jaunes) and other protests during 2019 in Paris, 90 million tourists visited Paris which is a record-breaking number as compare to previous years and hopefully will achieve 100 million tourists in 2020”


Many tourists visited Paris besides big gatherings and protests were recorded within Paris especially every Saturday at very famous tourist places, such as Avenue Camps Élysée, Place de la Bastille and Place de la Republic

Do you want to discover Paris like a Parisian?

Discover Paris, The City of Love like a Parisian — Based in Paris!

Planning a trip is not an easy task, because it’s possible that you will find plenty of online and offline informational blogs, blogs, travel guides etc..but in the end, you will be stuck somewhere without having a properly optimized travel trip like we’re leading you in The First optimized Paris Travel Trip which will change your life!

Here we’ll be talking about every historical place and the best tourist attractions in Paris; you can visit and explore in ONE GO by following our given order because this will save your time while giving you an insider’s view and details about every place you’ll be visiting!

Here’s the Step-by-Step Guide to be Followed!

Here we've mentioned the complete list of all important places within Paris, by following the giving order, so you can make your trip as the most memorable travelling trip of life.

Read the complete Paris Travel Guide (Part 2) here, and explore Paris like locals.